One limiting factor of photography is capturing a three-dimensional scene which will be viewed in a two-dimensional format, making it difficult to render the scene with the depth that’s there. Here are a couple of techniques that can help capture that feeling of depth in an image.
Using Foreground and background items to add depth
Depth can be added to your photos by making use of the basic line principles and by your image having objects placed in the foreground, middle area, and background.
In the vineyard photo, the stakes (in the foreground) represent a starting point to draw the eye into the vineyard, along the sloped curves, on to the little white house on the left (middle ground). The mountains in the distance (background) add another dimension of depth, as they draw your eye even further into the scene
In the image of garden trellises, the yellow flowers in the foreground provide a dimensional starting point, while the angle in which the curved pathway and arches were photographed, draws your eye along the path and deeper into the picture, giving a three-dimensional effect.
Another compositional technique that helps give a feeling of depth to an image is that of framing. With framing, objects in the foreground are used to frame the center of interest. Framing can also draw a viewer’s eye into the image, as well as create an illusion of depth.
In the image of the French bridge, the trees and foliage in the foreground provide framing for the image, and makes the image more interesting than one taken without them.
Though framing is not needed for all photographs, in many instances carefully placed framing can make significant improvements to an image.